Born in Petoskey, Michigan, a distant relative of Thomas Edison, Claude
E. Shannon proved that binary arithmetic could be used to simplify the
arrangement of relays in phone switches. He also proved relays could be
used to solve boolean algebra problems. This idea of using switches to
perform logic operations underlies the operation of the digital computers
we use today.
In 1948, Shannon published A Mathematical Theory of Communication,
essentially the first work concerned with modern Information Theory. It discussed
the most efficient way to encode information for transmission over an analog channel. The
Shannon Limit is the theoretical limit of how much information can
travel over a channel with a certain amount of noise and a certain bandwidth.
Shannon also enjoyed juggling, unicycling, chess, and invented a chess
playing machine, a rocket-powered pogo stick, and a wearable